The Structures

Learn about some of Edmonton's iconic and historic buildings!

Buildings come in different sizes and shapes, and can be made from a variety of materials. Buildings are where we live, work and play. People have been erecting structures in the Edmonton area for thousands of years, starting with the indigenous people who have long called this area home. The earliest building remaining in Edmonton is the Peter Erasmus House, built in the 1860s and now located at Fort Edmonton Park.

Over the past 150 years residential, commercial and industrial structures have been erected, added to, torn down and rebuilt. As time passed methods and styles went in and out of fashion, and the primary function of some neighbourhoods changed, while new neighbourhoods were developed. The result is a many-layered built landscape composed of hundreds of thousands of buildings representing multiple architectural styles. This website provides the opportunity to explore the city’s built heritage by profiling the history and architecture of well-known and lesser-known buildings in Edmonton.

97 Street Safeway

In 1929, a new cash-and-carry grocery chain from the western United States arrived in Edmonton, bringing with it this Spanish Revival storefront.

Agency Building

This long, narrow building owed its shape to the high cost of land during Edmonton's first real estate boom.

Alberta Hotel

The Alberta Hotel provided the last word in luxury in the early years of the twentieth century.

Alberta Legislature Building

Among the most iconic buildings in Edmonton is the Legislature, which overlooks the river valley and is the seat of power for the provincial government.

Armstrong Block

The Armstrong Block is the only remaining heritage building specifically constructed for mixed use in Edmonton’s downtown.

Ash Residence

The Ash Residence is a 1912 Foursquare home with Craftsman influences.

Balfour Manor

This early Moderne building was originally a fire hall before an extensive renovation in the 1930s.

Bard Residence

This grand home was built by entrepreneur Delmar Bard and lived in by his family for three generations - over 80 years.

Becker Residence

The unusual combination of clinker brick and Foursquare design makes this home unique in Edmonton. 

Beth Shalom Synagogue

Beth Shalom Synogogue on Jasper Avenue is a prominent example of International style architecture in Edmonton.

Big House, Fort Edmonton

The reconstructed Big House, originally built at Fort Edmonton in the 1840s, is now located at Fort Edmonton Park.

Birks Building

With its curved front facade and location on a busy downtown corner, the Birks Building is a prominent example of early Modern classicism.

Bowker Building

The Bowker Building was the last Edmonton office buildings fashioned in the Beaux-Arts style of architecture.

Buttercup Farmhouse

This beautiful example of a local Arts and Crafts home was built in 1912 as part of the designed community of Highlands developed by the Magrath-Holgate Company.

Capitol Theatre

The Capitol Theatre was Edmonton's first dedicated movie house.

 

Cecil Burgess Residence

The home of architect and University of Alberta professor Cecil Burgess is a well-preserved example of Craftsman style.

Chown Residence

The Chown Residence was one of several Foursquares built in The Highlands before WWI.

Christ Church

This quaint Tudor style church has served the Anglican community since the 1920s.

Churchill Wire Centre

The Churchill Wire Centre is located in the heart of downtown and was built to house equipment for Edmonton Telephones.

Civic Block

The "temporary" Civic Block served as Edmonton's City Hall longer than any other building to date.

Court House

Edmonton's first proper Court House was built in 1912 and demolished in the 1970s.

Crawford Block

This straightforward Edwardian retail and apartment building had only three owners for the first 90 years or more of its existence.

Cristall House

Constructed in 1912, the Cristall House was home to Edmonton's first Jewish resident, Abraham Cristall.

Dame Eliza Chenier Residence

“Along with the other heritage buildings in the area, this duplex helps to create a sense of the streetscape in a pre- First World War Edmonton neighbourhood.” ~ Edmonton Historical Board

Dean-Kuperus Residence

The Dean-Kuperus Residence is an example of a fairly common International style house found throughout Edmonton.

Downtown Post Office

The Post Office was Edmonton's tallest building when completed in 1910. It was demolished in 1972.

Dr. Cameron Residence

Dr. Allan Barton Cameron ran his practice from this residence, one of the earliest homes remaining in Calder.

Duggan Residence

“The J.J. Duggan residence embodies the kind of architecture favoured by Strathcona’s upper middle class residents during the early 1900s.” ~ David Murray, architect.

Edmonton Art Gallery

The Edmonton Art Gallery (now the Art Gallery of Alberta) was originally a textbook example of Brutalist architecture before its recent extensive renovation.

Edmonton Club

Edmonton’s oldest men’s club met in this three-storey brick building, once located on College Avenue and McDougall Street overlooking the river valley.

Edmonton Cold Storage Company, Ltd.

This four-storey brick cold-storage building is a relatively unadorned example of a building from what collectively became Edmonton's early warehouse district.

Edmonton Public Library

This Classical Revival building featured prominently in the downtown skyline until its demolition in 1968.

El Mirador Apartments

The El Mirador Apartments give a unique touch of Spanish Revival architecture to Edmonton's downtown.

Elm Park School

Built in response to a request by local citizens, the Elm Park School was a good example of the Arts and Crafts style in Calder.

Emily Murphy Residence

The home of pioneering women's rights activist Emily Murphy has strong elements of the Craftsman style.

Empire Block

Influential citizens John A. McDougall and Richard Secord erected this four-storey office block in 1905 on the location that stills bears its name over 100 years later.

Ernest Brown Block

This Edwardian style building housed the studio of Ernest Brown, one of Alberta's most famous early photographers.

Federal Building

Designed in 1939 but not built until the 1950s, the Federal Building is the newest example of Art Deco influenced architecture in Edmonton.

Field Log House

This log house was built in 1934 on a quiet street in the Highlands neighbourhood.

Frederick S. Jones Residence

This clinker brick bungalow was built by expert mason Frederick Jones, who was also responsible for the clinker brick masterpiece Holy Trinity Anglican Church.

Frost Residence

This home is located on 112 Avenue across from Commonwealth Stadium, and is a prominent example of Art Moderne residential design.

Gariepy Block

The Gariepy Block was fashioned in the Second Empire style of architecture.

Gariepy Mansion/Rosary Hall

Joseph Hormisdas Gariepy's home is a beautiful example of a style or architecture brought to Canada in the mid-1800s from the Second Empire in France of Napoleon III.

Garneau Theatre

Loved by generations of Edmontonians, this Moderne theatre was designated and restored to its original glory in 2009.

Gem Theatre

The Gem Theatre was purpose built as a movie house in 1913. Orriginally constructed in the Classical Revival style, a 1940s renovation gave it a Moderne twist.

Gerolamy Residence

Located in the neighbourhood of Strathcona, the Gerolamy Residence is a good example of Foursquare design.

Gibbard Block

Built to house luxurious apartments, the Gibbard Block has been largely restored to showcase its original elegance.

Gibson Block

Gibson Block is an icon in the Boyle Street neighbourhood and is the only flat iron building in Edmonton.

Glenora School

Glenora School was built in 1940 using the Tudor style in an effort to have it blend in to its residential surroundings. 

Government House

This grand building was constructed as a home for Alberta's Lieutenant Governor and was the location for many important political and social events.

H.V. Shaw Building

The 1914 H.V. Shaw Building is one of the few examples of Chicago style in Edmonton.

Hagmann Block/Hotel Grand

This Edwardian commercial style building uniquely features two primary façades, north and west facing.

Hecla Block

The Hecla Block is representative of Edmonton's first generation of apartment buildings built specifically for the works class.

Highlands School

Highlands School was designed by Edmonton Public School Board architect George E. Turner in the Collegiate Gothic style.

Holgate Residence

The Holgate Residence was built in 1912 by developer Bidwell Holgate as home and advertisement for life in The Highlands subdivision.

Hotel Macdonald

Arguably Edmonton's most iconic building, the Hotel Macdonald has been a fixture on the city’s skyline since it was completed in 1915.

Hudson's Bay Company Building

Significant in size and history, the Hudson’s Bay Building is a rare surviving representative of local Moderne architecture.

Hyndman House

Built in 1946, this home is a good example of the local use of the International style after the Second World War.

Imperial Bank

The classically designed Imperial Bank was demolished in 1950.

John McNeill Residence

The heavily ornamented John McNeill Residence stands out on 97 Street in the Alberta Avenue neighbourhood.

John Walter Houses

The three John Walter houses were built between 1875 and 1901 and now make up the John Walter Museum in the city's river valley.

Lambton Block

Built at the peak of the economic boom prior to the First World War, ths apartment block retains much of its original Edwardian character inside and out.

Law Courts

The 1972 Law Courts building is an imposing landmark in downtown Edmonton due to its size and Brutalist design.

Le Marchand Mansion

No expense was spared in the construction of this beuatiful building overlooking the river valley.

MacLean Block

The decorative brickwork on this building is some of the most elaborate in Edmonton.

MacLean Residence

The MacLean Residence is among the largest examples of Tudor residential architecture in Edmonton.

Magrath Mansion

The Magrath Mansion is an Edmonton landmark due to its size, location overlooking the river valley, and its Classical Revival architecture.

Margaret Martin Residence

This brick Foursquare style house in Strathcona belonged to Margaret Martin and is an important historical touchstone in the community.

Mayfair Park Pavilions

These park buildings were built in what is now Hawrelak Park in 1968 and are an example of Organic Modernist architecture.

McDougall Mansion

Built for John A. McDougall, the McDougall Mansion was designed in the Tudor architectural style.

McLeod Building

The Chicago style McLeod Building was built in 1915 and became Edmonton's first skyscraper.

McTaggart Residence

This home is a good example of a very common house plan in Edmonton's mature neighbourhoods.

Mercer Warehouse

John B. Mercer built this warehouse in 1911 to handle his growing liquor and cigar trade.

Merchants Bank of Canada

Built on what became known as 'bank corner', the Merchants Bank of Canada was Edmonton's second ever banking institution.

 

Misericordia Hospital

Four sisters and one nurse from Quebec arrived in Edmonton in 1900 to establish the Misericordia Hospital on 111th Street.

Moser and Ryder Block

The 1911 Moser and Ryder Block was an excellent example of Edwardian architecture until it received a Moderne renovation after a fire in 1944.

Northwest Mounted Police Barracks

The NWMP Barracks complex contains two important Gothic buildings, which are among Canada's few remaining major pre-1950 structures designed for police purposes.

Norwood School

Norwood School is one of Edmonton's early brick schools and was designed in the Classical Revival style.

Old Glenora School

Glenora’s first school was a combination of two temporary school buildings transported from Westmount Community in 1918.

Old Timers' Cabin

This building was built in the 1950s, and used log construction to evoke idealized images of pioneers in Alberta.

Oliver School

The original Oliver School is an example of one of Edmonton's early brick schools. Its later additions have architectural value of their own, and combined they make for a very interesting site.

Olson-Watt Residence

Built in 1914, this two and half storey Foursquare house is located in the Cromdale neighbourhood. 

Pantages Theatre

The Pantages Theatre was part of an international chain of vaudeville houses built by Alexander Pantages.

Peter Erasmus House

Built in the 1860s, the Peter Erasmus House, now located in Fort Edmonton Park, is the oldest building in Edmonton.

R. W. McKinnell Residence

Ornate examples of the Arts and Crafts style such as the R. W. McKinnell Residence are uncommon in Edmonton.

Richard Wallace Residence

The one and one-half storey Craftsman style Richard Wallace Residence was built in 1923 in the neighbourhood of Cromdale. 

Ross Flats Apartments

The Ross Flats Apartments are a large Edwardian style building and serve as an important historical landmark in Rossdale.

Roxy Theatre

When it opened in 1938 the Roxy was the only theatre in the city west of 104 Street.

Rutherford House

The residence is an excellent example of upper-class Edwardian era architecture in the Scottish Baronial style.

Sache House

This simple two-storey structure is an example of the type of wood frame house built by early Edmontonians.

Salvation Army Citadel

Active in the city since 1893, the Salvation Army built this for their sixth home in Edmonton; it later became the first home of the Citadel Theatre.

Sarah McLellan Residence

This is a classic example of a Prairie Four Square with four areas – the entrance, kitchen, front room, and dining room – arranged as a square.

Secord House

Originally the home of Richard and Annie Secord and their family, this elegant Queen Anne style mansion also house the Edmonton Art Gallery for 15 years.

Shandro Residence

This two storey Windsor Park home is an excellent example of the Prairie style. 

Sheriff Robertson Residence

Designed by architect Alfred Marigon Calderon, the home expresses the elegant, simple, and natural aesthetic of the Prairie style. 

Shop-Easy Grocery

Although it is difficult to find a corner grocery store like this one nowadays, they once were a community staple.

St. Barbara's Russian Orthodox Cathedral

St. Barbara's Russian Orthodox Cathedral is one of several Byzantine style churches in Edmonton.

St. Joseph's Hospital

This modern hospital, designed by prominent Edmonton architect George Heath Macdonald, was opened in January 1948 by the Sisters of Providence of St. Vincent de Paul. 

St. Stephen's College

St. Stephen's College on the University of Alberta Campus is a classic example of the Collegiate Gothic style.

Stocks Residence

The Stocks Residence is one of the few Queen Anne style homes to survive in Edmonton.

Strathcona Public Building

The Edwardian style Strathcona Public Building is an important landmark along Whyte Avenue, one of Edmonton's most popular streets. 

Students' Union Building

The Students' Union Building, more commonly known as SUB, is a three storey, pre-cast clad concrete podium structure with a six floor tower on the University of Alberta campus. 

Sylvancroft

This magnificent mansion was designed by its owner, former Edmonton mayor Harry Marshall Erskine Evans.

Tegler Building

For seventy years the Tegler Building represented the hub of Edmonton's downtown. Its controversial demolition in 1982 precipitated a civic preservation strategy.

Trudel Residence

Built in 1928, the Trudel Residence is a single storey bungalow, and one of the few residential works by Richard Palin Blakey, who was the provincial architect from 1912 to 1924. 

Valleyview Manor

Completed in 1961, Valleyview Manor is one of the first examples of a high-rise International style apartment building in Edmonton. 

Varscona Theatre

The 1940 Varscona Theatre was one of Edmonton's first theatre's to be built in the Moderne Style.

West Residence

The West Residence is one of Edmonton's few surviving Queen Anne homes.

Westminster Apartments

The Westminster Apartments building is a well-maintained example of an elegant pre-First World War apartment building. 

William Blakey Residence

The William Blakey Residence is an excellent example of the International style as applied to a modest home.

William Brown Residence

This 1927 Craftsman style house, located on a corner lot in The Highlands, uses clinker bricks to create a very pleasing look.

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